Anesthesia: An Overview
During Your Surgery
Having made the appropriate decisions regarding the types of anesthesia to administer, the anesthesiologist has to implement the plan. He or she supervises the operation of monitors, which report the patient’s heart rate, the amount of oxygen in their blood, and other vital signs. The anesthesiologist also checks that all the necessary drugs and equipment are available and in working order.
During the procedure, your anesthesiologist will constantly monitor your condition. Things he or she is looking out for include:
- Is the patient in a position that is convenient for the surgeon and also safe for the patient?
- How is the patient? Are the vital signs all good? Is the patient looking well?
- Are there signs that the anesthesia is too deep, or not deep enough?
- Is the patient producing enough urine to ensure healthy kidneys?
- Is there any blood loss? If so, how should it best be replaced?
- Are any special drugs needed, such as antibiotics, drugs to prevent blood clotting, or to reduce blood loss?
- What is the surgeon doing? Is she or he doing something especially stressful for the patient? Is he or she nearly finished?
Once the procedure is complete, the anesthesiologist eases the patient out of anesthesia and begins postoperative care, which usually involves the management of pain during the healing process.